Duke and Duchess of Urbino

The original diptych famously depicts the Duke and Duchess of Urbino, Federico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza. This double portrait was painted by Piero della Francesca between 1465 and 1472. Each panel is 19" x 26" and is painted with tempera on wood. They are on display at the Uffizi in Florence, Italy.
These iconic paintings have been the subject of some art historical debate, in particular because of their break with the traditional double portrait form. Traditionally in Renaissance portraiture, the man would be placed on the left side and the woman on the right.
Rumor has it, however, that the Duke of Urbino had lost his right eye and severely damaged much of his face in battle. Additionally, it is believed that the Duke cut out a portion of his nose in order to augment his limited vision. Since the right side of his face was covered in scars unfit for a representative painting, the couple is depicted with the woman in the place usually reserved for the man.

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